Scientific Work

Rules of Citation of the Departement of Geography of the University of Kiel

The foundation of a good scientific work belonged to a well-structured, clear and uniform methods of citation. The Department of Geography has developed this citation, which, unless other rules (eg for specific journals, etc.) are given, in any kind of scientific research * are to be applied at the Kiel Department of Geography: Download the citation as a PDF  Zitierregeln (only in german available) .

Many students know at the beginning of their studies and not quite as has a look chores. How can I search reliable sources how I divide my work, what are the requirements on the content and scope, etc.? In order to provide a universal template or a plot structure, there it a "guide for creating chores" for download as a PDF: Leitfaden für das Erstellen von Hausarbeiten" (only in german available).

Not only papers, but also posters, handouts, popular scientific works, etc. are to be compiled according to the principles good scientific work.

Plagiarism

With great regret, we recognize a growing proportion of expectant plagiarism. From a plagiarism one speaks of principle, if foreign services than their own are issued. This may relate to texts, images or spiritual ideas as arguments or outlines. In the test procedure of Bachelor and Master degree programs of University of Kiel is to plagiarism in texts: "An illusion exists in particular if text passages from other works verbatim or in essence in a written test services without specifying the source or translated and therefore be issued as a separate power "(§21 Abs. 1 PVO). The edition of these citations are used to illustrate the general rules of ordinary scientific work and to prevent plagiarism. The fear of unconscious plagiarism can be taken away from you easily if you observe and internalize this citation exactly. If you still are unsure about individual points, discuss this before (!) The final delivery with your supervising lecturer or your supervising faculty.

Who gives a plagiarism, must face the consequences: Plagiarism constitutes copyright infringement, which may lead to claims for damages. Plagiarism leads discovery (in retrospect) the loss of the examination. This may be the final non-existence and the immediate de-registration result have (§21 Abs. 1 PVO). In this case, you is studied geography in Germany no longer possible. In one discovery after graduation of degree and therefore your academic degree will be withdrawn. A counterfeit is an intentional deception of the readership, ie an illusion of your fellow students and lecturers, and the attempt to gain an unfair advantage over other students.

The Geographical Institute expressly reserves further measures to penalize plagiarism. A counterfeit attempt is worthwhile in any case.

In general it can be said that not arise in a proper citation plagiarism. Please note the possibility of literal citation. It should be stressed that the acquisition of entire paragraphs with a slight change of one or another word, and the citation at the end is quite a plagiarism because, of course, word choice, style of speech, punctuation, spelling, etc. are valued in some housework.

Below the above text in a plagierten version and non-plagierten version. Changes are shown in italics.

Plagiarism

With great surprise we represent a growing proportion of expectant plagiarism. From a plagiarism one speaks of principle, if foreign services than their own are issued. This may relate to texts, images or spiritual ideas as arguments or outlines. In the test procedure of Bachelor and Master degree programs of University of Kiel is to plagiarism in texts: "An illusion exists in particular if text passages from other works verbatim or in essence in a written test services without specifying the source or translated and therefore be issued as a separate power "(§21 Abs. 1 PVO). The edition of these citations are used to illustrate the general rules of ordinary scientific work and to prevent plagiarism. The fear of unconscious plagiarism can be taken away from you easily if you observe and internalize this citation exactly. If you still are unsure about individual points, discuss this before (!) The final delivery with your supervising lecturer or your supervising faculty.

Who gives a plagiarism, must face the consequences: Plagiarism constitutes copyright infringement, which may lead to claims for damages. Plagiarism leads discovery (in retrospect) the loss of the examination. This may be the final non-existence and the immediate de-registration result have (§21 Abs. 1 PVO). In this case, you is studied geography in Germany no longer possible. In one discovery after graduation of degree and therefore your academic degree will be withdrawn. A counterfeit is an intentional deception of the readership, ie an illusion of your fellow students and lecturers, and the attempt to gain an unfair advantage over other students.

The Geographical Institute expressly reserves further measures to penalize plagiarism. A counterfeit attempt is worthwhile in any case.

In general it can be said that not arise in a proper citation plagiarism. Please note the possibility of literal citation. It should be stressed that the acquisition of entire paragraphs with a slight change of one or another word, and the citation at the end is quite a plagiarism because, of course, word choice, style of speech, punctuation, spelling, etc. are valued in some housework.

Below the above text in a plagierten version and non-plagierten version. Changes are shown in italics.

Plagiat: Im Allgemeinen läßt sich sagen, dass bei einer rechtmäßigen Ziterweise Plagiate nicht entstehen. Bitte beachten Sie dabei die Möglichkeit der wortwörtlichenZitation. Hierbei ist zu betonen, dass die Übernahme ganzer Absätze mit einer leichten Veränderung des einen oder anderen Wortes und der Zitierung am Schlussdurchaus ein Plagiat darstellt, da in einer Hausarbeit selbstverständlich auch Wortwahl, Sprachstil, Zeichensetzung, Rechtschreibung, etc. mit bewertet werden. 

Kein Plagiat: "Generell läßt sich sagen, dass bei einer ordnungsgemäßen Ziterweise Plagiate nicht entstehen. Bitte beachten Sie dabei die Möglichkeit der wortwörtlichen Zitierung. Hierbei ist zu betonen, dass die Übernahme ganzer Absätze mit einer leichten Veränderung des einen oder anderen Wortes und der Zitierung am Ende durchaus ein Plagiat darstellt, da in einer Hausarbeit selbstverständlich auch Wortwahl, Sprachstil, Zeichensetzung, Rechtschreibung, etc. mit bewertet werden." (Vollmer, 2012)

Vollmer, L.M. (2012): Plagiate. Homepage des Geographischen Institus der CAU zu Kiel. (http://www.geographie.uni-kiel.de/de/lehre/wissenschaftliches-arbeiten/, zuletzt gesehen am 6.11.2014)

Literature

Attached, you will find some books for scientific writing. This list is not complete, you can choose other books. The books presented are accessible to you at all times in both libraries (University Library, Institute Library) and available in the university network as e-book about  utb-studi-e-book

  • Baade, J., Gertel, H., Schlottmann, A. (2010): Wissenschaftlicher Arbeiten:Ein Leitfaden für Studierende der Geographie. UTB-Verlag, 2. Auflage.
    Especially for Geography Students.. 
  • Karmasin, M., Ribing, R. (2011): Die Gestaltung wissenschaftlicher Arbeiten:Ein Leitfaden für Seminararbeiten, Bachelor-, Master- und Magisterarbeiten sowie Dissertationen. UTB-Verlag, 6. Auflage. A common based book, with examples of the computer program WORD. (also in the library of the Department of Geography: Präsenzregal EB-II-63.